February 28, 2023

By EU DisinfoLab

On this page, you will find a collection of country factsheets that highlight the disinformation landscape across EU Member States. From the most emblematic disinformation cases and recurrent narratives to the community actors and the policy initiatives, you should grasp the essentials of the disinformation landscape in those countries in a short read.


Here are the guides covering the disinformation landscape of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and The Netherlands. New documents will be uploaded regularly.

Comparative analysis

The factsheets form the basis of a comparative analysis, ‘Connecting the disinformation dots: insights, lessons, and guidance from 20 EU Member States’, that highlights consistent challenges faced by the European Union in combatting disinformation campaigns, and presents our ten recommendations addressed to policymakers and the general community.


Our webinar on 5 December dove into the intricate world of disinformation as we unveiled the findings of our new comparative study that sheds light on trends and idiosyncrasies across the diverse European disinformation landscapes. Adding a current perspective to the discussion, we zoned in on the impact of disinformation during the Slovak and Polish elections, especially pertinent in light of the forthcoming “super election year”.

On 28 June, we hosted a webinar in which we delved into our series of country factsheets that highlight the disinformation landscape across EU Member States, from the most emblematic cases to recurrent narratives, community actors, and policy initiatives.

Our panel of experts shared their thoughts and extensive knowledge, and answered the questions from the audience.

The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of EU DisinfoLab. These factsheets do not represent an endorsement by EU DisinfoLab of any organisation.

This project is funded by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom.