May 8, 2023

Authors and affiliation: Panu Moilanen, University of Jyväskylä, Miriam Hautala, University of
Jyväskylä, and Dominic Saari, University of Jyväskylä

Reviewer and affiliation: Mikko Salo, Faktabaari


  • In general, Finland has a decent level of resilience against disinformation and information warfare. The main reasons behind this are the relatively high quality of the Finnish education system (and accordingly, high levels of education among the population), a long tradition of media literacy and institutional trust among the population.
  • The continuing polarization of Finnish society and a possible decline in education and
    economic levels cause concerns over Finland’s ability to resist disinformation in the
  • Despite far-right groups still being marginal, the Finnish Security Intelligence Service
    warns of increasing radicalisation fueled by far-right communities and networks
    online. According to Supo, individuals and small groups constitute the biggest threat. In
    December 2021, the Finnish police identified and arrested seven men on the suspicion
    of planning a terrorist attack. Europol maintained that the group was influenced by
    accelerationist, neo-Nazis and satanist ideals.
  • Overall, Finnish authorities missed the opportunity to build a more comprehensive
    situational awareness on what is really happening, especially online. Instead, major
    focus was put on Russian trolls and disinformation narratives that have a smaller
    impact on the Finnish public debate. Contrarily to the past, where preparation against
    information warfare and disinformation has been rather minimal, authorities, civil
    society organisations, and independent media have recently stepped up their efforts in
    combatting disinformation and information warfare.

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The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of EU DisinfoLab. This factsheet does not represent an endorsement by EU DisinfoLab of any organisation.

This project is funded by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom.