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Assessing cost-effectiveness: responses to the Doppelganger operation

Despite a range of responses from key stakeholders, including sanctions and legal actions, the Doppelganger operation, now in its second year, persists. This necessitates reflecting on the cost-effectiveness of these responses.

Research is a core part of what we do. It involves identifying, uncovering, and explaining disinformation campaigns and networks, using open source investigation techniques (OSINT) and social media network analysis methodologies. We disseminate our findings via our partnerships with the media and leading experts in the field.

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Despite a range of responses from key stakeholders, including sanctions and legal actions, the Doppelganger operation, now in its second year, persists. This necessitates reflecting on the cost-effectiveness of these responses.
How can we tackle the problem of doppelganger disinformation campaigns? This blog post explores the suitability of the classic duck method to taking action against doppelganger deception.
In a world of greys and nuances, there is one near-universal truth – the closer an online intermediary is to an offence, the more effective it can be in helping to bring an end to the offence.
In February 2024, CitizenLab unveiled an information operation dubbed “PAPERWALL”. This Chinese-originated influence operation has built a network of dummy media outlets worldwide, with a strong presence in Europe.
This document sheds light on TikTok’s research and content moderation policies linked to disinformation.
This document sheds light on YouTube’s research and content moderation policies linked to disinformation.
This document provides insights into Facebook’s research and content moderation policies linked to disinformation.
This document sheds light on X’s (formerly Twitter) research and content moderation policies linked to disinformation.
This document compiles a comparative analysis of the findings based on our factsheets mapping the state of disinformation across Europe, showing that the EU faces the same challenges regarding disinformation campaigns.
Find out more about the disinformation landscape in Poland.
Just over a year ago, our research into online Illuminati membership schemes unintentionally drew a global audience in search of wealth. Now we explore how our words, meant to expose deception, might have unintentionally tricked some into clickbaiting.
This factsheet delves into how some of the main platforms approach AI-manipulated or AI-generated content in their terms of use, exploring how they address its potential risk of becoming mis- and disinformation.
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