Italian legislation on hate speech has been initially framed in the context of other initiatives, such as the fight against racism and anti-semitism and dates back to 1975. A 2017 law on cyberbullying established communication channels and resources for minors. It also allows data protection authorities and service providers to intervene to remove offensive content and increases penalties for related crimes. At the end of 2018, a commission against racism and anti-semitism was created. A hate speech bill was drafted in 2018 but there is not yet any such law in place. A bill seeking to extend and harmonize legislation on discrimination, including homophobia and transphobia, is currently in political impasse.